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Evidence Based Practice

The Department of Evidence Based Practice (EBP) promotes evidence-based and high-value care throughout Children’s Mercy Kansas City and the greater pediatric community by developing care standardization decision support tools and resources based on scientific literature. These guidelines and algorithms improve patient outcomes and safety, while also increasing medical team efficiency and decreasing unwarranted variation in care.

Clinical decision support tools



View our Clinical Pathways


View our ERAS


Clinical Pathways are intended to standardize patient care. Our pathways are informed by the systematic review of current pediatric health care literature and includes risk and benefit assessment of alternative care options. When evidence is not available or weak, standards are developed by consensus agreement among subject matter experts.

Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) pathways promote an evidence based, multidisciplinary approach to patient care aimed at facilitating faster recovery from surgery, decreasing hospital length of stay, and minimizing post-operative complications.


Critically Appraised Topics

Critically Appraised Topics (CATs) synthesize literature that answer single questions related to a focused clinical care concern, patient safety issue, or a supply chain initiative.

View our CATs

How our team works

Our department, a multidisciplinary team with specialized expertise in EBP methodology, narrows the gap between research and clinical practice. Each member of our department maintains multiple credentials and proficiencies.

  • Completion of McMaster’s University “International Guideline Credentialing Certification Program” Level 1 or higher
  • Extensive experience in systematic appraisal of diagnostic and therapeutic studies, including but not limited to randomized control trials, cohort, case-control, case series, and case studies
  • Proficient in evidence-based practice methodology, including but not limited to:
    • Population/Intervention/Comparison/Outcomes (PICO) question development
    • Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE II) instrument
    • Lucidchart (online collaborative tool for flow diagram development)
    • Rayyan (online collaborative tool to organize literature for systematic reviews or meta-analysis)
    • Cochrane Collaborative Review Manager
    • Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) Guideline Development Tool
    • GRADE Evidence to Decision (EtD) Framework
    • Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) diagrams

Team qualifications

The Department of EBP relies on the expertise of Children’s Mercy medical professionals to assist in the development of decision support tools and resources. A multidisciplinary committee is assembled for each Clinical Pathway and Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) pathway. These committees can rely on the Department of EBP to support them.

  • Attend and co-lead each committee meeting with the committee chair
  • Manage meeting schedules, agendas, and minutes
  • Conduct an in-depth literature review to assess the quality and relevance of existing evidence and/or clinical guidelines
    • Coordinate literature searches based on PICO questions developed by the Committee with the Medical Librarian
    • Submit identified studies to Rayyan and provide instructions to committee members on its use
    • Critically appraise literature and clinical guidelines with the assistance of the EBP Scholars utilizing Review Manager (RevMan) and Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE II), respectively
    • Employ GRADE Evidence to Decision framework and Guideline Development Tool to guide decisions and recommendations
    • Develop and review literature synopses with the committee
  • Help navigate the differences between evidence-based recommendations and best practices specific to our institution
  • When differences in clinical opinions arise within the committee, EBP will facilitate discussion(s) to garner group consensus
  • Assist in developing metrics related to global aims
  • Create the text of the Clinical Pathway synopsis based on the above EBP strategies for committee review
  • Format algorithms to serve as decision support tools within the Clinical Pathway
  • Collaborate with Parent Experience, Simulation, Human Factors, Quality Improvement, Patient Safety, and others as needed to assist with product implementation
  • Assist the team and medical informatics in creating or updating order sets and other EMR tools needed for product implementation
  • Publish the Clinical Pathway on
  • Address any conflicts of interest
  • Promote the new product as needed (e.g., Children's Mercy E-News, The Link)
  • Collaborate as co-authors with committee members in developing academic products, if any
  • Serve as project champion when communicating with institutional leaders
  • Regularly update Clinical Pathways based on new evidence